The 5 Worst Ranked Countries in the World for Women All Have One Thing in Common…Can You Guess?
The following list was compiled by the SIGI—Social Institutions and Gender Index—using compiled data from 2014. Essentially, the SIGI ranks countries’ treatment toward women based on five “sub-indexes,” detailed in the image above (keep in mind that this list is ever-changing due to the progression or regression of a country’s laws, practices, and so forth).
Based on the above factors, the SIGI builds a country’s profile and provides quantitative data that allows each country to be ranked accordingly. (Note: countries are even ranked further in each sub-index, which allows us to see which category they performed most poorly in.)
Yemen ranked 0.5634 in overall SIGI value. The sub-index where Yemen ranked the poorest was restricted civil liberties.
Limited freedom. Women in Yemen are limited in “freedom of movement” and “access to public space” because of both legal and social restrictions. Ultimately, they’re under the control of their husbands. They cannot leave the house or travel without the permission of their husbands. Further, the SIGI directly states: “Although women have the right to pursue education and seek employment, some guardians also restrict these activities.”
Women’s freedom to assemble and associate. These rights are also threatened— in practice, not by law— as women are subject to different types of harassment when they decide to act upon them. Freedom of expression is also seldom respected, as Article 103 of the Press and Publications Law views self-expression as “[distorting] the image of the Yemeni, Arab, or Islamic heritage.” Additionally, the SIGI upholds that in Yemen, ”the media has been used to attack and vilify women’s rights activists, while also serving to uphold traditional gender roles in its representation of women.”
Women in the workforce. The SIGI says “Discrimination on the basis of gender is banned under the 1995 Labour Law. However, the majority of women who work outside the home do so as agricultural labourers, either receiving payment on a day-by-day basis, or receiving no payment at all. As a result, they are not protected by employment legislation.”
Representation in government. Women are massively underrepresented in Yemen’s parliament. To be exact, according to the report, they hold 0.3% of national seats. This is equivalent to, “1 woman out of a total of 301 seats.”
Again, the aforementioned restrictions are just a fraction of the many ways that women are treated unfairly and unequally in Yemen. These merely scratch the surface.
Sudan ranked 0.5550 in the overall SIGI value. The sub-index where Sudan ranked the poorest is restricted physical integrity, which takes into consideration domestic and sexual violence against women, female genital mutilation, and reproductive autonomy.
Domestic violence. According to SIGI, “There is no law criminalising domestic violence; nor does there appear to be any legislation protecting women from sexual harassment. (…) Spousal rape is also not addressed in law.” The report continues, “…the use of corporal punishment – such as flogging – of women for sex-related offences and “moral crimes,” including wearing trousers in public, has been reported.”
A woman can be flogged for wearing trousers in public in Sudan. Let that sink in.
Rape. Equally as ridiculous, women can be flogged for not being able to prove that they were raped. Essentially, in not being able to prove that they were assaulted, they have admitted to sexual intercourse or other sexual activity outside their marriage. In order for a rape to even possibly be prosecuted, “the judge may require the sexual act to have been witnessed by multiple men.”
Moreover, as the report states, “Under customary law, rapists are able to escape punishment by marrying their victim, provided the victim’s family agrees.”
Abortion. “Abortion is only permitted to save the life of the mother. It is not permitted in the case of rape or incest.”
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