Ovarian Cysts – Warning Signs You Should Not Ignore
Being a woman it is almost impossible to forget the fact that we have ovaries since we receive a timely, and sometimes unwelcome, reminder once a month. However, awareness of the fact that they are there doesn’t necessarily mean we know about pain or other symptoms associated with these organs, or that we know what risk factors and symptoms to look for to avoid complications like ovarian cysts and tumors.
What Ovarian Cysts Are
The ovaries are organs, found either side of your uterus, that are responsible for producing estrogen and for initiating the menstrual cycle. Your ovaries consist of a number of structures including follicles that contain the ova or your future eggs. Each time you ovulate, one of these eggs is released into the uterus for a chance to be fertilized.
There are different types of ovarian cysts and the ones that normally cause pain or complications are the ones that women are talking about when they talk about ovarian cysts.
Different Types of Ovarian Cysts
There are essentially a number of different types of ovarian cysts, depending on how they form, or where they form, in relation to the ovaries.
Functional Ovarian Cysts
Functional ovarian cysts are the most common type of ovarian cysts, and they are normally formed during your ovulation process. Functional cysts form when your ovaries do not release the egg properly or when the egg sac or follicle that contained the egg is not absorbed by the ovary efficiently.
These types of cysts are also sometimes called follicle cysts and they often go completely unnoticed since they are most often not painful at all. Your body resolves follicle cysts naturally within a few months. Functional or follicle cysts seldom occur in menopausal women since ovulation has ceased.
Endometriomas or Endometrioid Cysts
In certain individuals, the lining of the uterus begins to grow beyond the uterus and may in some cases grow into the ovaries. Unlike functional cysts, endometrioid cysts can be very painful, especially during menstruation. These cysts may affect fertility and your ability to fall pregnant.
Another cyst that may cause discomfort and pain is called a dermoid cyst. Dermoid cysts are actually benign tumors that occur most frequently in younger women. These cysts may contain tissue like cartilage or fat and may even contain hair and skin. They can grow up to 6 inches in diameter and can be extremely painful. These cysts may become inflamed causing severe abdominal pain and discomfort.
Your eggs form in follicles in the ovary. When these follicles fail to open correctly to release the eggs during ovulation, they can accumulate on your ovaries. This causes an individual’s ovaries to enlarge, resulting in a thick outer layer or covering on the ovaries. This thick outer layer is often the source of pain and discomfort. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome can result in fertility problems and other complications.
Cystadenomas are known as neoplasms
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