The world is starting to wake up to the absurd fact that wealthy Arab Gulf states have not taken in one damn Syrian ‘refugee’, while the rest of the world drowns in them
Human rights activists have been sternly critical of Gulf leaders, blaming them for turning their backs on their Arab brothers.
As the debate surrounding migrants in Europeintensifies, the Gulf States continue to face harsh criticism for their refusal to accept Syrian refugees.
Unlike Lebanon and Jordan, which took in some 1.5 million Syrians so far, Gulf States like Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, and the UAE have been accused of having accepted very few, if any, asylum seekers. Human rights activists have been sternly critical of Gulf leaders, blaming them for turning their backs on their Arab brothers.
“Gulf States haven’t accepted a single refugee,” says Bassam Al-Ahmad from the Violation Documentation Center, a Syrian NGO documenting human rights violations in the civil war. “We hear about some European countries helping out, but nothing from the Gulf,” he told The Media Line.
Other activists have raised similar concerns. Spokespersons from dozens of organizations, from Amnesty International to Human Rights Watch, have lashed out at Saudi Arabia and its allies in the Gulf Cooperation Council for their inaction. Infographics and tweets carrying such messages proliferated on social networks over recent weeks, gaining traction and popularity.
Critics claim that demographics play a huge role in the Gulf’s apathy towards refugees, since most of the Gulf economies are heavily reliant on foreign laborers. In some of them, foreign tenants constitute as many as 80% of the total population. An influx of refugees, authorities fear, would destabilize the already-volatile demographic base.
At the other end of this debate, Gulf leaders have grown increasingly defensive about what they deem to be “false accusations.”
“European and US officials [are] shedding crocodile tears over the plight of Syrian refugees,” tweeted Nasser Al-Khalifa, a Qatari diplomat and a former ambassador to the United States. Like his colleagues in the Gulf, Al-Khalifa accused the West of politicizing the migrant crisis in order to deflect responsibility away from Europe and demonize the GCC.
Nadim Shehadi, the director of the Fares Center for Eastern Mediterranean Studies at Tufts University, is also skeptical of Europe’s sincerity in this debate.
“There is absolutely no doubt that more Syrians have made their way to the Gulf than to Europe,” he told The Media Line. “The Europeans talk a lot but do little; Gulf states talk little, but do a lot,” he added.
According to Shehadi, figures used by the Western media are deceiving, as they rely on data received from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which does not keep track of Syrians in the Gulf.
“Gulf States are not signatories of the Geneva Convention, so they are not included in the refugee counting mechanism,” Shehadi explains.
In 1951, when the Convention was adopted, most of the world’s refugees were Palestinian. From a political standpoint, Gulf States could not agree to the resettlement of Palestinians outside of Palestine, so they opted out of the treaty. “This is why Gulf States supposedly don’t have any refugees. It’s a technical mistake,” he says.
Sources in Riyadh report that Saudi Arabia now hosts half a million refugees, most of whom arrived in the country since the beginning of the Syrian civil war five years ago. This represents a sharp increase from the 100,000 Syrians estimated to have lived there in 2011. According to Shehadi, these figures are uncertain. But one thing, he claims, is sure: “the percentage of Syrian refugees out of the total population is much bigger in the Gulf, than in Europe.”
Francoise De Bel-Air, a demographer from the Gulf Research Center in Geneva, is also skeptical of these figures. However, she agrees that some degree of policy relaxation may have taken place in countries such as Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
“In some cases, ad hoc opportunities for family reunion seemed to have been provided,” she told The Media Line.
“By and large, GCC countries claim that they refrain from deporting Syrians in irregular situations, unless they were convicted of some criminal
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