The Israeli model for beating ‘lone-wolf’ terrorism
With attacks in Israel on the decline as terrorism in Europe surges, all eyes turn to Israel’s anti-terror methods.
Israeli authorities who have faced a wave of lone-wolf attacks by Palestinian Arabs say they have made progress in identifying potential assailants in advance, a challenge now also confronting Western nations.
Recent attacks in Europe and the United States have brought renewed attention to lone assailants and what can be done to stop them or reduce their impact.
While the challenge of halting such assaults can seem next to impossible, Israeli officials say an alert system incorporating social media monitoring, basic human intelligence and other means has helped prevent or limit bloodshed.
Analysts say that such efforts will always be limited, however.
Israeli officials nonetheless say methods developed since October have proved useful.
“We understand that once we assembled three or four profiles, most of the attackers were inside those specific lines of those profiles,” a senior Israeli military official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Israel’s military has developed an alert system that flags up those seen as potentially dangerous, the official said.
It is based on analyses of assailants since October, including their backgrounds, where they chose to act and their activities in the days before an attack.
With the list of names narrowed, Israeli authorities decide how to address the situation.
The response can include a range of strategies, such as monitoring, speaking to someone’s parents or an arrest if the person is found to have broken the law by inciting violence, the official said.
Security measures were also tightened in areas seen as potential targets.
The number of attacks overall has steadily declined in recent months, although various factors are believed to be behind this.
Israeli authorities say it is difficult to give figures on how many lone-wolf attacks have been prevented by their efforts, but the military official pointed to one case as an example.
In March, a Palestinian girl, reportedly 17, was caught and arrested with a knife in a taxi on her way to an Israeli checkpoint, the official said.
The official said the girl had trouble with her parents and was suicidal, possibly wanting to attack soldiers as a way of dying as a martyr.
“It was one of the reasons we tracked her,” the official said.
The military’s analysis of attackers shows that most have been 24 or younger, and some 90 percent were male, the official said.
Among the first 80 to 90 attackers from October to January, suicide
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