A school in Switzerland rejected the appeal of Amer Salhani after he insisted the Swiss tradition went against Islam, according to local reports.
The Basel school had initially agreed to exempt the boy and his older brother from shaking hands with all teachers, irrespective of gender, after he claimed Islam forbids physical contact with a member of the opposite sex – unless they are family.
However the decision sparked outrage across the country, being widely seen as an insult to the Swiss culture.
Local authorities intervened and ruled the boy must shake hands with his teachers – or face disciplinary measures and a fine of 5,000 francs (£4,000).
Officials said: “The public interest with respect to equality between men and women and the integration of foreigners significantly outweighs the freedom of conscience of the students.”
It comes after Amer’s parents complained about the school’s tough stance. But the school remained defiant, saying it was their right to demand a handshake.
Amer’s older brother left the school at the end of June.